Universities should promote tutorial systems that integrate in a coordinated way the actions of information, guidance and training support to students, so that students receive cross-sectional guidance and monitoring on their degree.
The orientation programs will be developed in accordance with the regulations of the universities, being able to appoint degree coordinators and tutors.
Among the information provided to students are the following aspects:
- objectives of the degree
- personal resources and materials available
- structure and progressive programming of the teachings
- applied teaching methodologies
- evaluation procedures and schedules
- quality indicators, such as rates of expected and real academic performance of studies or rates of employment of graduates.
The tutorial systems have:
- facilitate the process of transition and adaptation of the student to the university environment
- provide information, guidance and resources for learning
- facilitate the configuration of the curricular itinerary, also attending to the specificities of students with special educational needs
- facilitate the transition to the world of work, the initial development of the professional career and access to continuous training.
On the other hand, as a complementary tool, universities may have student service units . These units may also offer information and guidance in the following areas:
- choice of studies and reformulation or change of them to facilitate access and adaptation to the university environment
- work methodologies at the university and training in learning strategies to facilitate academic performance and personal and social development
- training itineraries and professional opportunities, training in transversal skills and the design of the professional project to facilitate employability and labor incorporation
- university studies and lifelong learning activities
- Scholarships and study grants
- advice on rights and responsibilities internal and external to the university
- psychological and health counseling
- associationism and student participation
- cultural initiatives and activities, social projection, cooperation and social commitment
- information on accommodation services and sports services, as well as other services that seek the integration of students into the university environment
- equal treatment for women and men.
Universities, through student care units , and within their comprehensive student training activity, can offer psychological counseling.
Its objective is to facilitate the transition to the world of work, the initial development of the professional career and access to continuous training.
The student service units , within the professional orientation, offer information and advice on training itineraries and professional opportunities, training in transversal competences and the design of the professional project to facilitate employability and labor incorporation.
On the other hand, as a result of agreements between the universities and the State Public Employment Service (SPEE), the Orientation and Information Centers for Employment (COIE) were created. Although the functions of these centers are determined by each university, the main ones are:
- academic and professional orientation
- insertion and professional development
- extracurricular professional internships
- university entrepreneurship.